浅谈汽车齿轮加工工艺发展动向

发布日期:2016-06-15    兰生客服中心    浏览:9939

一、前言:

  SUIZHEWOGUOQICHEZHIZAOYEDEFAZHAN,QICHECHILUNJIAGONGXINGYEYEQUDELEZHANGZUDEJINBU,QICHECHILUNSHIQICHECHUANDONGXITONGZHONGJIQIZHONGYAODELINGBUJIAN,YOUSHICHUANDONGXITONGZHONGDEHEXINBUJIAN,SUOYISHUOCHILUNDEPINZHIZHIJIEGUANXIDAOCHUANDONGXITONGDEPINZHI,YESHIYINGXIANGZHENGCHEDEXINGNENGHEZAOYINDEZHONGYAOYINSU。YINCI,BIXUYAOGENGJIASHENRUDEFENXIQICHECHILUNGONGYIFAZHANDEDONGXIANG。

二、汽车齿轮加工概述

  CHILUNJIAGONGDEZHUANYEXINGBIJIAOQIANG,GENJUCHILUNDEBUTONGYONGTU,ZAISHENGCHANTIAOJIANDEXUKEXIACAIQUBUTONGDEJIAGONGGONGYILAIKONGZHICHILUNDEJINGDUDENGJI,CHENGZAINENGLIJIPILAOSHOUMINGDENG。QICHECHILUNDEJIAGONGGONGYIYIBANWEIMAOPIDUANZAO、MAOPIRECHULI(ZHENGHUO)、CHIPIJIAGONG、CHIXINGJIAGONG、RECHULIJIREHOUJIAGONGJIGEJIEDUAN。

三、汽车齿轮加工工艺

1、DUANZAOCHIPI

  REDUANDEGUOCHENGZAICHILUNMAOPIDUANZAORENGRANBEIGUANGFANSHIYONG。JINNIANLAI,HENGYAJISHUZAIJIXIEZHOUDESHENGCHANSHANGSHIYIGEDAGUIMOTUIGUANGGUOCHENG。ZHEIZHONGJISHUTEBIESHIYONGYUGENGFUZADEJIETIZHOULEIGONGJIAN,ZHEIZHONGFANGFABUJINJINGDUGAO,SHENGCHANXIAOLVGAO,GENGZHONGYAODESHIJIAGONGYULIANGXIAO,JIBENMEIYOUZIYUANLANGFEI。SUIZHEDUANZAOJISHUDEFAZHAN,YIJINGYOUYUELAIYUEDUODEDUANJIANCAIYONGBISHIMODUANJISHU。YOUQISHIPANCHILEIDEDUANJIAN,CAIYONGBISHIMODUANBUJINNENGGOUTIGAOCAILIAODELIYONGLV,ERQIESHENGQULEQIEBIANGONGXU,JIANSHAOLEDUISHEBEIHERENGONGDETOURU,QIJINGJIXIAOGUODUICHANGJIALAISHUOBUYANERYU。

2、ZHENGHUO

  CHILUNMAOPIZUICHANGYONGDERECHULIFANGFAWEIZHENGHUO。ZHEIGEGUOCHENGDEMUDESHIXIAOCHUDUANZAOGUOCHENGZUZHIYINGLI,WENDINGGAISHANNEIBUZUZHI。YIHUODELIANGHAODEQIEXUEXINGNENGHEWEIZUIZHONGRECHULIJINXINGZUZHIZHUNBEI,YIYOUXIAODIJIANXIAOCHILUNDEREBIANXING。YIBANDEZHENGHUOCHULI,YOUYUSHOUCAOZUORENYUAN,SHEBEIHEHUANJINGDEZHENGCHANGHUAYINGXIANGBIJIAODA,CONGERSHIGONGJIANHELENGQUESUDUSHINANYIKONGZHIJUNYUNDE,DAOZHIBUJUNYUNDEZUZHIJIEGOU,SHIDECHANSHENGDADEREBIANXINGERWUFAKONGZHI,ZHIJIEYINGXIANGHOUXUJINSHUQIEXUEJIZUIZHONGRECHULI,CHUYUZHEIGEYUANYIN,BIXUSHIYONGDENGWENZHENGHUOGUOCHENG。SHIJIANZHENGMINGYOUXIAOGAIBIANZHENGCHANGHUADENGWENQUEDIANDEBIDUAN,KEYIYOUXIAOTISHENGCHANPINZHILIANG。

3、CHEXUEJIAGONG

  CHIPIJIAGONGZUICHANGYONGDESHICHEXUE。WEILEMANZUGAOJINGDUJIAGONGDECHILUNDINGWEIDEYAOQIU,SUOYOUCHILUNMAOPIJUNCAIYONGSHUKONGCHECHUANGYICIXINGWANCHENG。JIXIEJIAJIN、BUYONGFANFUZHONGMOJIUSHICHEDAO,DUANMIANHEWAIJINGTONGBUJIAGONGGUOCHENGSHEBEIDEYISHISHIWANCHENG,JIBAOZHENGLEDUANMIANYUNEIKONGCHUIZHIDUDEYAOQIU,YOUQUEBAOLEDAPILIANGSHENGCHANXIACHIPILISANXINGCHAYIXIAO,CONGERTIGAOLECHILUNPIJIANJINGDU,YIQUEBAOHOUXUCHILUNCHIXINGJIAGONGJINGDU。CIWAI,BENGONGSIGOUJINDEGAOXINGNENGDESHUKONGCHECHUANGYEXIANZHUDEJIANSHAOLESHEBEISHULIANG,JINGJIXINGMINGXIANJIAOHAO。

4、CHIXINGJIAGONG

(1)GUN、CHACHI

  GUN、CHACHIRENGRANSHICHIXINGJIAGONGZUIYOUXIAODEJISHUSHOUDUAN,YESHISHIYINGMIANZUIGUANGDEJIAGONGJISHU。CHUANTONGDEGUNCHIJIHECHACHIJISHOUQIJICHUANGBENSHENJISHUSHANGDEZHIYUE,JIAGONGSUDUJIAOMAN,SHENGCHANXIAOLVDI,RU:WOGONGSIBIANSUQI5T065SHURUZHOUSHENGCHANXIANYAOWANCHENG20WAN/NIANDECHANNENGSHI,GUNERDANG、CHAYIDANGGEXULIANGTAIGUN、CHASHEBEICAINENGBAOZHENGJIEPAI。JIAGONGJINGDUYEBUGAO。ZHEIZHONGJIAGONGSHEBEIDUISHUIZIYUAN、TURANGJIKONGQIYOUYIDINGDEWURAN,WEIHAIZHERENLEIDEJIANKANG。SUIZHECHILUNJIAGONGJICHUANGDEGAOSUHUA、QIEXUEJISHUDEBUDUANWANSHAN,YIJIGANQIESHIGAOSUQIEXUEDAOJUDEJINYIBUFAZHAN,GAOSUGANQIEJIAGONGYIJINGDEDAOLEKUAISUFAZHAN。

(2)TICHI

  TICHISHIREQIANCHILUNJINGJIAGONGDECHANGYONGFANGFA。ERJINGXIANGTICHIJISHU,YINWEIQIXIAOLVGAO,CHIXING、CHIXIANGDEXIUXINGSHEJIFEICHANGRONGYISHIXIAN,BEIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUDAPILIANGSHENGCHANDECHILUNZHONG。SHANGSHIJI90NIANDAIZHONGQI,BENGONGSIYINJINLEYIDALISICMATRAS0220XINGJINGXIANGTICHIJI,JINGGUODUONIANDEYINGYONG,ZHEIZHONGJISHUYIJINGRIYICHENGSHU,CHANPINJIAGONGZHILIANGWENDINGKEKAO。

5、RECHULI

  GENJUXINGNENGYAOQIU,QICHECHILUNYIBANXUANYONGDITANHEJINGANG,RUCHILUNGANG20CrMnTi。RECHULIYIBANSHISHENTANCUIHUO+HUIHUO。RECHULIHOUXINGCHENGCUIHUOHOUDEBIAOMIANYINGDUGAO,BINGQIEBAOCHILEXINBUDESURENXING,CONGERTIGAOCHILUNDENAIMOXING、PILAOQIANGDUYIJIGAOSHOUMINGDENG。

6、MOXUE

  ZHUYAOSHIDUICHILUNRECHULIHOUSUOYOUPEIHEDEYUANSURU:ZHOUDEWAIJING、CHILUNNEIKONG、DUANMIANDENGZHUYAOBUFENTIGONGJINGJIAGONG,JIANXIAOJIHEGONGCHADEDAXIAO,YITIGAOZHUANGPEIANZHUANGJINGDU。

7、JIANYAN

(1)CHILUNJIANCEJISHU

  CHILUNJIANCEJISHUSHICHILUNJIAGONGSHENGCHANZHONGZHONGYAODEYIHUAN,MEIYOUXIANJINDEJIANCEJISHUHESHEBEI,TASHIBUKENENGZHIZAOCHUYIJIANJUYOUYOULIANGXINGNENGDECHILUN。XIANDAICHILUNJISHUSHIJIEHEFEIJIECHUSHIJIANCEJISHU、GAOJINGDU、DUOGONGNENG、ZIDONGHUA,JICHENGHUA(DIANNAOKONGZHI)、JINGJIHUAFAZHANDEFANGXIANG。ZAIJIANCELINGYUZHONG,JIEJUEWENTIQIUJIEDAXINGHEXIAOXINGMOSHUJIANCEWENTI。

(2)CHIXINGJIANCEFANGFA

  MUQIANSHILIANGZHONGLEIXING,YOUDANYIDEWUCHACELIANGHEZONGHEWUCHADECELIANG。1968NIANSICHUANCHENGDOUGONGJUYANJIUSUOSHOUCISHIXIANCHILUNZHENGTIWUCHAFANGFACELIANGZONGHEWUCHA。JIESHILECHILUNGUYOUDETEXINGHEGEZHONGWUCHAZHIJIANDELIANXIJIZHI,TIGONGLEJICHUDEJIANKONGCHILUNZHIZAOZHILIANG,GAIJINSHEJIHEZHIZAOCHILUNDEGONGYIHEFANGFA。1970NIANYIHOUCHENGDOUGONGJUYANJIUSUO、HAERBINHEBEIJINGLIANGJUCHANGDENGYONGZHEIZHONGFANGFACELIANGJISHUYANZHILEWANQUANHENGJIEMIANDECELIANGYIQI,YONGLAIJIANSHAOWUCHA,YIQUANMIANZHIDINGFAZHANXINJIEDUANDECELIANGFANGAN。

  SUIZHEYUGUOJIJIEGUI,GUOWAIXIANJINDEJIANCEJISHUJISHEBEIZAIJIAOGAOYAOQIUCHILUNJIAGONGGUOCHENGZHONGBUDUANDETUIGUANG。YECUJINLEXINGYEJINBU。ZHUMINGDECHILUNCELIANGZHONGXINYOUDEGUOKELINBEIGE、WENZEGONGSIZHIZAODE,HAIYOUMEIGUOM&MGONGSIDETONGLEICHANPINDENGZAIWOGONGSIDECHILUNJIANCEZHONGDEDAOYINGYONG。

四、 齿轮加工新动向

  SUIZHEQICHEGONGYEDEGAOSUFAZHANHELVSEHUANBAODEYAOQIU,DAIDONGLEZHIZAOJISHUDEBUDUANTISHENG,CHILUNGAOSUGANSHIQIEXUE、YINGCHIMIANJIAGONG、WUXIEJIAGONG(LENGYACHILUN)DENGXINJISHUDEDAOPENGBOFAZHAN。TEBIESHIDUIQICHECHILUNJIANGDIZAOSHENGYAOQIUDEBUDUANTIGAO,MOCHIHEHENGCHIZUOWEICHILUNREHOUJINGJIAGONGGONGYIDEYINGYONGZHENGRIYIZENGDUO。

1、YINGCHIMIANJIAGONG

(1)MOCHIJIAGONGZUOWEICHILUNJINGJIAGONGDEYIZHONGFANGFA。ZHEIZHONGCENGJINGDEBEIRENWEIXIAOLVDI、CHENGBENGAODECHILUNJIAGONGSHOUDUAN,SUIZHEXINXINGSHALUNCAILIAODEBUDUANYINGYONGJISHUKONGJISHUZIDONGHUACHENGDUYUELAIYUEGAO、MOCHIJIDEXIAOLVDEDAOJIDATISHENGDEQINGKUANGXIA,XIANZAIYIJINGZAICHILUNJIAGONGZHONGDEDAOLEPUBIANYINGYONG。

  ZAIGUONEIWAIDEQICHECHILUNJIAGONGQIYEPUBIANDOUYONGYOUZIDONGHUADESHUKONGMOCHIJI,CHANGJIANDEYOUDEGUOKAPPMOCHIJI、YIDALISUMOCHIJI、MEIGUOGleasnoMOCHIJIJIRIBENSANLINGMOCHIJIDENG。

  BENGONGSICAIYONGRIBENSANLINGMOCHIJIJIAGONG5T065XILIECHASUQICHIQUANQICANSHUWEI

CHISHU

MOSHU

YALIJIAO

LUOXUANJIAO

CHIGENYUAN

CHIDINGYUAN

CHIKUAN

CAILIAO

62

2.25

20

30

161.081

167.6

24

20CrMnTi

MOCHIHOUDUIQIJINGCEJIEGUOJIANXIATU:

                                 ZUOCHIMIANCHIJUWUCHA              YOUCHIMIANCHIJUWUCHA

  TONGGUOMOCHIJIAGONGDECHILUNNENGGOUHUODEGENGHAODEJINGDUDENGJI,XIAOCHURECHULIBIANXING,CONGERGENGHAODIKONGZHICHILUNDEZAOYIN,TIGAOCHILUNDEZHIZAOPINZHI。XIANMOCHIJIAGONGGONGYIZAIZHENGGECHILUNXINGYEZHONGYIJIBENCHENGSHUBINGZAIKUAISUZENGZHANG,ERQICHECHILUNJIAGONGXINGYEJIANGHUISHIJINJINIANYINGCHIMIANJIAGONGZENGZHANGZUIDADESHICHANG。

(2)QIANGLIHENGCHIJISHU

  SUIZHERENMENDUIQICHEJIASHIDESHUSHIXINGYAOQIUBUDUANTIGAO,ZIDONGBIANSUQIDEXUQIUYUELAIYUEDA。CHUANTONGDEGUN/CHACHIYITICHIYIRECHULIJIAGONGGONGYIYIWUFAMANZUCHILUNZAIZIDONGBIANSUQIZHONGDEYAOQIU。

  QIUMIANQIANGLIHENGCHIDEJIJIAGONGGONGYI,SUOZHANSHICHUDESHIYIZHONGTICHIHEMOCHIDETIDAIGONGYI。

  CAIYONGQIUMIANQIANGLIHENGCHI,DUIREHOUYUANZHUCHILUNDECHIMIANJINXINGJINGJIAGONG,YONGHUKEYIJIDADIJIANGDIDAGONGLVCHUANDONGZHUANGZHIDEZAOYIN,BINGQUEBAOGENGZHANGDESHIYONGSHOUMING。BUGUANSHIFOUCAIYONGYUXIANJIAGONGDEGONGYIFANGAN,QIUMIANHENGCHIJUNNENGGAISHANLUNCHIDEJIHEZHUANGTAI,JIANGDICHILUNDETIAODONGWUCHAHECHIJUWUCHA,TONGSHIJINGZHENGLUNCHIDEBIAOMIANHECHIXIANG,JINERSHIXIANDIZAOYINDELUNCHIJIECHUTEDIAN。LINGWAIDUIYUMOUXIELINGJIAN,ZAIMOCHIJIAGONGSHICUNZAIJIHEXINGZHUANGGANSHEWENTIDEERWUFAJIAGONG,QIANGLIHENGCHISHIWEIYIKESHIXIANDEYINGCHIMIANJINGJIAGONGFANGFA。

YINCIZHEIZHONGXINGONGYIZAIGUONEIJIANGYOUDAIYUPUJITUIGUANGYINGYONG。

2、CHILUNGAOSUGANSHIQIEXUE

  GAOSUGANSHIGUNQIEJISHIGUNCHISHEBEICHAOZHEQUANSHUKONGHUA、SHUKONGGAOSUHUAHOUGENGJINYIBUFAZHANJIEGUO,GAOSUGUNQIEJISHUDESHIXIANHAIYOUYIYUGUNDAOZHIZAOJISHUDETIGAO,RURIBENSANLINGZHONGGONGKAIFADEGANQIEGUNDAOSHIZAITIGAONAIMOXINGDETESHUGAOSUGANGCAILIAOSHANGJINXINGNAIRE,NAIREDETESHUTUCENG(TiAlN)CHULI,BEICHENGWEI“CHAOJIGANQIEGUNDAO”,KETIGAODAOJUSHOUMING。GUONEIDAOJUZHIZAOSHANG(RUHANJIANGGONGJUCHANG)CAIYONGJINKOUDAOJUCAILIAOJINXINGJIAGONG,BINGYINJINGUOWAITUCENGJISHU,GANQIEGUNDAOYESHIXIANLESHICHANGHUA,DAOJUTUCENGZHEIYINANDIANDEDAOJIEJUE,WEIGANQIEJISHUZAIZHONGGUODEFAZHANTIGONGLEYOULITIAOJIAN。RUZAIGUONEIDESHANGQIGONGSI、SHANXIFASHITECHILUNYOUXIANGONGSIJIBENGONGSIYEYICAIGOULERIBENSANLINGDEGANSHIGUNCHISHEBEI。

  WOGONGSI5T065XILIECHASUQICHIQUANZHICHICAIYONGRIBENSANLINGGAOSUGANSHIGUNQIEJICHUANGJIAGONGDUITIGAOSHENGCHANXIAOLV、JIANGDIGONGJUFEIYONG、GAISHANHUANJINGYIJIJIANSHAONENGYUANXIAOHAODENGQUDELEHENDADEXIAOGUO,CHASUQICHIQUANXIANGGUANCANSHUWEI:

CHISHU

MOSHU

YALIJIAO

LUOXUANJIAO

CHIGENYUAN

CHIDINGYUAN

CHIKUAN

CAILIAO

62

2.25

20

30

161.081

167.6

24

20CrMnTi

                       GANGUNHOUCHIXINGJINGDU                   CHIXIANGJINGDU

CAIYONGGANSHIJIAGONG:

SHENGCHANXIAOLV

QIEXUEYOU

DIANFEI

GONGJUFEIJIANGDI

CHENGBENJIANGDI

TIGAO2BEI

JIANGDI100%

JIANGDI33%

40%

45%

  BINGQIEGANSHIJIAGONGHAIYOUXIAODEFANGZHIYINYOUYANSUOZAOCHENGDEKONGQIWURANYIJIFEIYOUCHULISUOZAOCHENGDEHUANJINGWURAN。

  SHIJIEZUIZHONGYAODECHUANDONGXILIECHANPINZHUANYEZHIZAOSHANGZF、DEGUODAZHONG、MEIGUOFORDQICHEGONGSIDENGSHIYONGGAOSUGANGUNQIEXUEYIJINGCHENGWEIZHULIU。GANQIEJISHUYIDINGHUICHENGWEICHILUNJIAGONGXINGYEZHONGDEZHULIUJIAGONGFANGSHI。

3、SHAO/WUXIEJIAGONG

  WEILEQUDEGENGHAODEXINGJIABI,TIGAOCHILUNDESHICHANGJINGZHENGLI,ZAIJIEYUEZIYUAN,JIESHENGCHENGBEN,BAOHUHUANJING,TIGAOCAILIAOLIYONGLVDENGDEYOUSHIXIA,LENGYA、LENGJIYA、REJINGDUAN、LENGJINGDUANCHENGXING,YEJINFENMOJIAGONGDENGSHAO/WUXIEJIAGONGGONGYIJIANGCHENGWEIQICHECHILUNJIAGONGJISHUDESHOUXUAN。

  BENGONGSI5T065XILIEBIANSUXIANGZHONGDEDISUDANGCHILUNJUNCAIYONGJINGDUANJIEHECHIDEJIAGONGGONGYI,ZHEIZHONGJIAGONGFANGSHIBUJINLIYUHUANBAO、JIEYUENENGYUANERQIEYEJIANSHAOLEBUFENJIAGONGSHEBEI。

五、 乘用车变速箱的变迁

  ZHONGGUODEERYANGHUATANPAIFANGLIANGZHANSHIJIEDEBIZHONGZENGDA,YUANYOUJIAGEDEDIAOZHENGYIJIHUANJINGFUHEXUYAOJIANQINGDEDUICEXIANDEYUELAIYUEZHONGYAO。YINCIHUNHEDONGLIQICHEBIANSUXIANGJIDIANDONGQICHEBIANSUXIANGJIANGSUIZHIZENGJIA,WEILEJIANXIAORECHULIBIANXING,GENGHAODEKONGZHIBIANSUXIANGDEZAOYIN,BIXUDUICHILUNDEJINGDUTICHUGENGGAODEYAOQIU。

  ZHUIQIUGAOJINGDU、GAOXIAOLV、DICHENGBENYINGCAIYONGYIXIADEGONGYILUXIAN:

KESUXINGJIAGONG

ZHICHI

CHIBUJINGJIAGONG

RECHULI

ZHUANGPEIMIAN

CHIBUJINGJIAGONG

CHEXUE

GANSHIQIEXUE

BUCAIYONGREQIANTICHI

SHENTANCUIHUO

 

REHOUMOXUE

CAIYONGMOCHI.HENGCHI

 

六、全智能加工系统

  SUIZHEDIANZIJISUANJIDEXUNSUFAZHAN,SHUKONGJISHUYUELAIYUEPUJIYINGYONGYUCHILUNJIAGONG。QUANSHUKONG、DUOYUANHUA、XIAOXINGHUA、DIZAOSHENG、GAOSUGAOXIAO、GAOZHINENG、LVSEHUANBAODENGXINXINGJIAGONGSHEBEIFAZHANSUIZHEERLAI,CHILUNJIAGONGYEXIANGZHEYOUQUANZIDONG,QUANZHINENG,GAOKEKAOXINGFANGXIANGZHUBUFAZHAN,WEILAIJIANGHUISHIXIANYOUYIRENZHISHOU,QUANJIQIYUNZHUANTIDAICHUANTONGDERENGONGCAOZUOLIUSHUIXIANZUOYEFANGSHI。CHILUNJIAGONGZHENGCHAOZHEGAOXIAO、GAOJINGDUJILVSEZHIZAOFANGXIANGFAZHAN。

七、结束语

  ZONGERYANZHI,BIXUYAOZHONGSHIWOGUOCHILUNJIAGONGGONGYIDEFAZHANDONGXIANG,ZHENDUIDANGXIAQICHECHILUNJIAGONGGONGYIDEXIANZHUANG,TICHUJIAQIANGGONGYISHUIPINGDEYIXIEYOUXIAODECUOSHI,BUDUANTISHENGWOGUOQICHECHILUNJIAGONGXINGYEDECHANPINZHILIANGHEZHIZAOSHUIPING。XIAMIANJIESHAOYIKUANGAOSUJIAGONGZHONGXIN:

  YIDALIXIMANSICMSGAOSUJIAGONGZHONGXINANTARESLMXILIEWUZHOULONGMENJIAGONGZHONGXIN

  ANTARESLMXILIESHUKONGGAOSULONGMENJIAGONGZHONGXIN,SHIHEYUGEZHONGGEYANGDEFEIJINSHUCAILIAOGONGJIANDEFUZAXINGMIANDEGAOJINGDUJIAGONG。

项目
X轴行程mm
Y轴行程mm
Z轴行程mm
B轴旋转坐标
C轴旋转坐标
快速移动速度(X,Y轴)mm/min
快速移动速度(Z轴)mm/min
最大加速度(X,Y轴)m/s2
最大加速度(Z轴)m/s2
额定功率KW
最高转速rpm
主轴冷却
主轴追定
刀库容量
ANTARES
2600
1500
1200
80-120
70
5-6
5
+/-135°;16.200°/min;3.500°/s2
+/-320°;21.600°/min;3.500°/s2
6kw-18.000rpm
27.000rpm
液冷
ISO30
8-16把

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